Shallot Farmers in Riau Apply Environmentally-Friendly Cultivation (kementan)
PEKANBARU, NETRALNEWS.COM - Shallot cultivation in Riau Province has began to increase. A number of regions began to develop shallot cultivation, such as in the cities of Pekanbaru, Kampar, and Siak.
This is the effect of the Special Onion Program (Upsus) of Shallot and Chili conducted by the provincial and district/city Agriculture Service. The Food Crop and Horticulture Protection Agency (BPTPH) also helped with the supervision and assistance of the program.
The development of shallots by farmers uses conventional methods, the production of which depends on chemicals, both fertilizers and the means of controlling their plant-disturbing organisms.
For this reason, BPTPH Riau held an event titled Environmentally Friendly Pest Control. The activities were carried out by the Farmer Group of Jadi Rejo Kulim Village, Tenayan Raya District, Pekanbaru.
The nine-hectare eruption location is divided into two, according to the varieties that will be planted. Two hectares will be planted with Tuk Tuk varieties from seeds and the remaining Bima Brebes varieties from tubers.
On that occasion, officers socialized the method of tillage, soaking onion seeds using PGPR (Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacter), and measuring the pH balance of the soil before planting.
Head of Sub Directorate of Climate Change & Natural Disaster Impacts at the Directorate General of Horticulture, Iwan Patria, said that controlling pest in an environmentally friendly manner was rich in benefits. "For example, OPT is controlled, suppresses production costs, consumes safe products, and preserves the environment," said Iwan Patria.
In this activity, farmers were also taught how to cultivate land, manufacture PGPR, tricho fertilizer, and its applications, as well as the cultivation of refugia in the form of marigolds, kenikir, and sunflowers.
It also conveyed the importance of empowering natural enemies in the field by providing an environment that benefits insect life. "For example, planting refugia as a source of nectar as a conservation of natural enemies, especially parasitoid," he explained.
During the discussion, farmers said that the type of pest that usually attacks plants is fusarium wilt. They were then taught to soak the onion seeds using the PGPR biological agent. The goal is to plant seeds that are more resistant to disease.
Farmers were also taught how to cultivate land using manure which has been mixed with trichoderma biological agents. "Farmers do not need to buy manure, because it can be made from beef cattle business," said Iwan.