JAKARTA, NNC - Nurul Luntungan from the Center for Indonesia's Strategic Development Initiative (CISDI) revealed various facts about smoking prevalence in Indonesia. Currently in Indonesia, active smokers account for 30 percent of the total population and 60 percent are dominated by men.
"Another fact that is quite terrible is the number of smokers under 18 years of age continues to increase, from 7.2 percent in 2009 to 8.8 percent in 2016," Nurul said on Sunday (9/9/2018).
According to Nurul, this figure is further from the 2019 National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) target of 5.5 percent. This fact illustrates that there is no significant impact of the increase in cigarette prices every year.
Significant impact due to the high prevalence of smoking in Indonesia, namely is state losses reaching IDR500 trillion. This is calculated from the amount of money burned for smoking, days lost due to illness due to risk factors for smoking, medical expenses and productive time lost due to smoking.
Nurul added the cost of treatment can be seen from the fact that 25 percent of the claims of the Social Security Organizing Agency (BPJS) of Health is for smoking-related diseases including heart and lung cancer.
"25 percent of Health BPJS claims are for smoking-related diseases. For example, out of 10 lung cancer patients, nine are actually caused by smoking," Nurul said.